Herbert Allen Giles
Herbert A. Giles (1845-1935) is best known for his work on the Wade-Giles system for romanizing Mandarin, a revision of an earlier system by Sir Thomas Francis Wade (1818-95), whom he succeeded as professor of Chinese at Cambridge.
Giles served as a British consular official in various parts of China from 1867-92. He was first posted to Taiwan 1867. He also served as British Consul at Tamsui (Danshui) from 1885-87.
I've posted the complete text of four of his books. Chinese Sketches is probably of the most interest to readers today.